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CERTUTIL Backup/Restore


Description | Syntax | Parameters | Switches | Related | Notes | Examples | Errorlevels | Availability

Certutil tasks for backing up and restoring certificates.

Certification authorities should be backed up regularly and restored when necessary to provide their services.


Syntax

CERTUTIL [-backup] [/?]

To back up Certificate Services:
CERTUTIL -backup [-f] [-gmt] [-seconds] [-v] [-config machine\user] [-p password] backup_directory [incremental] [keeplog]

To back up Certificate Services:
CERTUTIL -backupdb [-f] [-gmt] [-seconds] [-v] [-config machine\user] backup_directory [[incremental] [keeplog]]

To back up the CA certificate and keys:
CERTUTIL -backupkey [-f] [-gmt] [-seconds] [-v] [-config machine\user] [-p password] backup_directory

To restore the CA database, certificates, and keys:
CERTUTIL -restore [-f] [-gmt] [-seconds] [-v] [-config machine\user] [-p password] backup_directory

To restore the CA database:
CERTUTIL -restoredb [-f] [-gmt] [-seconds] [-v] [-config machine\user] backup_directory

To restore the CA certificate and keys from a backup directory or a PKCS #12 (.pfx) file:
CERTUTIL -restorekey [-f] [-gmt] [-seconds] [-v] [-config machine\user] [-p password] {backup_directory | pfx_file}

To dump the CA database schema, for example, column names, types, and max sizes:
CERTUTIL -schema [-f] [-gmt] [-seconds] [-v] [-config machine\user] [dump_type]


Parameters
backup_directory (NT2003)
Specifies the backup directory.
dump_type (NT2003)
Specifies one of:
incremental (NT2003)
Implements an incremental backup instead of a full backup. If omitted, performs a full backup.
keeplog (NT2003)
Preserves database log files. If omitted, combines the database log files into a single log file that is retained upon the successful completion.
pfx_file (NT2003)
Specifies the PKCS #12 PFX file.

Switches
/? (NT2003)
Display help.
-backup (NT2003)
Backs up Certificate Services.
-backupdb (NT2003)
Backs up the Certificate Services database.
Can run locally or remotely. The server and the CA must be running. Typically, administrators used to perform infrequent full backups followed by frequent incremental backups. Each backup must be made into a separate directory tree. Starting with the most recent full backup, all backups are required to correctly restore the database.
-backupkey (NT2003)
Backs up the Certificate Services certificate and private key.
-config machine\user (NT2003)
Processes the operation by using the CA specified in the machine/user configuration string.
You must specify the machine or user in -config. Otherwise, the Select Certificate Authority dialog box appears and displays a list of all CAs that are available.
If you use "-config -", the operation is processed using the default CA.
-f (NT2003)
Overwrites existing files or keys.
-gmt (NT2003)
Displays time as Greenwich mean time.
-p password (NT2003)
Specifies a password.
The maximum length allowed for a PFX file password is 32 characters.
-restore (NT2003)
Restores the CA database, certificates, and keys from the specified backup_directory.
-restoredb (NT2003)
Restores the CA database from the specified backup_directory.
The CA server must not be running. Can run locally or remotely.
To restore a full backup and incremental backups, you must restore the full backup first, and then restore all subsequent incremental backups in any order. To overwrite the existing server database files with the full restore, use -f. Do not start the server until all backups are restored.
When you start the CA server, you initiate database recovery. If you successfully start the CA server (that is, as recorded in the application event log), this indicates restore and recovery were completed successfully. If the server fails to start after you run -restore, you receive an error code. For more information, you can also view the RESTOREINPROGRESS registry key.
-restorekey (NT2003)
Restores Certificate Services certificate and private key from the specified backup_directory or PKCS #12 pfx_file.
-schema (NT2003)
Dumps the CA database schema.
-seconds (NT2003)
Displays time with seconds and milliseconds.
-v (NT2003)
Specifies verbose output.

Related

CERTUTIL configure
CERTUTIL decode/encode
CERTUTIL certificates
CERTUTIL CRLs
CERTUTIL manage
CERTUTIL archival/recovery
CERTUTIL troubleshooting


Notes

none.


Examples

none.


Errorlevels

none.


Availability
External
DOS
none
Windows
none
Windows NT
NT2003