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NTDSUTIL


Description | Syntax | Parameters | Switches | Related | Notes | Examples | Errorlevels | Availability

Provides management facilities for Active Directory. Use to perform database maintenance of Active Directory, manage and control single master operations, and remove metadata left behind by domain controllers that were removed from the network without being properly uninstalled. Intended for use by experienced administrators.


Syntax
Authoritatively restore
Restores domain controllers to a specific point in time and mark objects in Active Directory as being authoritative with respect to their replication partners. Type at Authority restore:
Configurable settings
Aids in modifying the TTL of dynamic data stored in Active Directory. Type at Configurable setting:
Domain management
Allows administrators who are members of the Enterprise Administrators group to prepare cross-reference and server objects in the directory. Type at Domain management:
Files
Provides commands for managing the directory service data and log files. The data file is called Ntds.dit. Type at Files:
IPDeny List
Prevents the domain controller from accepting LDAP queries from clients with specified IP addresses. Type at IPDeny List:
LDAP policies
Sets the LDAP administration limits for the Default-Query Policy object. Type at LDAP policies:
Metadata cleanup
Cleans up metadata for retired domain controllers. Type at Metadata cleanup:
Roles
Transfers and seizes operations master roles. Type at Roles:
Security account management
Manages security identifiers (SIDs). Type at Security account management:
Semantic database analysis
Analyzes data with respect to Active Directory semantics. Type at Semantic database analysis:
Set DSRM Password
Resets the directory services restore mode (DSRM) password on a domain controller. Type at Set DSRM Password:

Parameters
Authority restore
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
restore database (NT2003)
Marks the entire Ntds.dit (both the domain and configuration directory partitions held by the domain controller) as authoritative. The schema cannot be authoritatively restored.
restore database verinc %d (NT2003)
Marks the entire Ntds.dit (both the domain and configuration directory partitions held by the domain controller) as authoritative and increments the version number by %d. Use only to authoritatively restore over a previous, incorrect, authoritative restore, such as an authoritative restore from a backup that contains the problem you want to restore.
restore subtree %s (NT2003)
Marks subtree (and all children of subtree) as being authoritative. The subtree is defined by using the fully distinguished name of the object.
restore subtree %s verinc %d (NT2003)
Marks subtree (and all children of subtree) as being authoritative and increments the version number by %d. The subtree is defined by using the fully distinguished name of the object. Use only to authoritatively restore over a previous, incorrect, authoritative restore, such as an authoritative restore from a backup that contains the problem you want to restore.
Configurable setting
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
cancel changes (NT2003)
Cancels the changes made, but not yet committed.
connections (NT2003)
Invokes the server connections submenu.
list (NT2003)
Lists the names of the supported configurable settings.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
set %s1 to %s2 (NT2003)
Sets the configurable settings %s1 to the value %s2.
show values (NT2003)
Displays values of configurable settings.
Domain management:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
add nc replica %s1 [%s2] (NT2003)
Adds the domain controller %s2 to the replica set for the Non-Domain Naming Context %s1. If %s2 is not specified, the domain controller that you are connected to is used as the default.
connections (NT2003)
Invokes the Connections submenu.
create nc %s1 [%s2] (NT2003)
Creates the Non-Domain Naming Context %s1, on the Domain Context %s2. If %s2 is not specified, then the currently connected domain controller is used. To not specify an argument enter (NULL).
delete nc %s (NT2003)
Removes the Non-Domain Naming Context %s. Before removing an Non-Domain Naming Context all the replicas must be removed and their removal must replicate back to the domain naming operations master.
list (NT2003)
Lists all the naming contexts that exist in the enterprise, the schema and configuration naming contexts, as well as all domain naming contexts.
list nc information %s (NT2003)
Prints out the reference domain, and replication delays for the Non-Domain Naming Context.
list nc replicas %s (NT2003)
Prints the list of domain controllers in the replica set for the Non-Domain Naming Context %s. Remember that this is the list of domain controllers to eventually hold replicas of the Non-Domain Naming Contexts, and that these replicas may not necessarily be fully replicated yet.
precreate %s1 %s2 (NT2003)
Creates a cross-reference object for the domain %s1 allowing a server named %s2 to be promoted as the domain controller for that domain. The domain name must be specified by using a fully distinguished name, and the server must be named by using the fully qualified DNS name.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
remove nc replica %s1 [%s2] (NT2003)
Removes the domain controller %s2 from the replica set for the Non-Domain Naming Context %s1. If %s2 is not specified, the currently connected to domain controller is used.
select operation target (NT2003)
Invokes the Select operation target submenu.
set nc reference domain %s1 %s2 (NT2003)
Sets the reference domain of the Non-Domain Naming Context %s1 to %s2. The domain %s2 should be specified in a domain's DNS name format.
set nc replicate notification delay %s %d1 %d2 (NT2003)
Sets the Non-Domain Naming Context %s's notification delays to %d1 and %d2 for the delay between notifying the first domain controller of changes and the delay of notifying subsequent domain controllers of changes respectively.
Files:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
compact to %s (NT2003)
%s identifies an empty target directory. Invokes Esentutl.exe to compact the existing data file and writes the compacted file to the specified directory. The directory can be remote, that is, mapped by means of the net use command or similar means. After compaction is complete, archive the old data file, and move the newly compacted file back to the original location of the data file. ESENT supports online compaction, but this compaction only rearranges pages within the data file and does not release space back to the file system. (The directory service invokes online compaction regularly.)
header (NT2003)
Writes the header of the Ntds.dit data file to the screen. Can help support personnel analyze database problems.
info (NT2003)
Analyzes and reports the free space for the disks that are installed in the system, reads the registry, and then reports the sizes of the data and log files. (The directory service maintains the registry, which identifies the location of the data files, log files, and directory service working directory.)
integrity (NT2003)
Invokes Esentutl.exe to perform an integrity check on the data file, which can detect any kind of low-level database corruption. It reads every byte of your data file; thus it can take a long time to process large databases.Note that you should always run Recover before performing an integrity check.
move DB to %s (NT2003)
%s identifies a target directory. Moves the Ntds.dit data file to the new directory specified by %s and updates the registry so that, upon system restart, the directory service uses the new location.
move logs to %s (NT2003)
%s identifies a target directory. Moves the directory service log files to the new directory specified by %s and updates the registry so that, upon system restart, the directory service uses the new location.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
recover (NT2003)
Invokes Esentutl.exe to perform a soft recovery of the database. Soft recovery scans the log files and ensures all committed transactions therein are also reflected in the data file. The Backup program truncates the log files appropriately. Logs are used to ensure committed transactions are not lost if your system fails or if you have unexpected power loss. In essence, transaction data is written first to a log file and then to the data file. When you restart after failure, you can rerun the log to reproduce the transactions that were committed but hadn't made it to the data file.
set path backup %s (NT2003)
%s identifies a target directory. Sets the disk-to-disk backup target to the directory specified by %s. The directory service can be configured to perform an online disk-to-disk backup at scheduled intervals.
set path db %s (NT2003)
%s identifies a target directory. Updates the part of the registry that identifies the location and file name of the data file. Use only to rebuild a domain controller that has lost its data file and that is not being restored by means of normal restoration procedures.
set path logs %s (NT2003)
%s identifies a target directory. Updates the part of the registry that identifies the location of the log files. Use only if you are rebuilding a domain controller that has lost its log files and is not being restored by means of normal restoration procedures.
set path working dir %s (NT2003)
%s identifies a target directory. Sets the part of the registry that identifies the directory service's working directory to the directory specified by %s.
IPDeny List:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
add %s1 %s2 (NT2003)
Adds an entry to the IP Deny List. %s1 is either the host component or network component of an IP address. If a host component is specified, %s2 is specified as NODE; whereas if the network component is specified, %s2 is the subnet mask. The entries that you specify by using the add command are not applied until you commit them by using Commit.
cancel (NT2003)
Cancels any uncommitted additions or deletions.
commit (NT2003)
Commits all additions or deletions to the LDAP policy object.
connections (NT2003)
Invokes the server connections submenu.
delete %d (NT2003)
Deletes the specified entry with the index number %d. Use to display entries with the respective index number.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
show (NT2003)
Shows all IP addresses that are included in the IP Deny List.
test %s (NT2003)
Determines whether the IP address specified by %s is allowed or denied access to the domain controller.
LDAP policies:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
cancel changes (NT2003)
Cancels any uncommitted modifications of the LDAP administration limits to the default query policy.
commit changes (NT2003)
Commits all modifications of the LDAP administration limits to the default query policy.
connections (NT2003)
Invokes the server connections submenu.
list (NT2003)
Lists all supported LDAP administration limits for the domain controller.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
set %s1 to %s2 (NT2003)
Sets the value of the LDAP administration limit %s1 to the value %s2. Limits:
  • InitRecvTimeout Initial receive time-out (120 seconds)
  • MaxConnections Maximum number of open connections (5000)
  • MaxConnIdleTime Maximum amount of time a connection can be idle (900 seconds)
  • MaxActiveQueries Maximum number of queries that can be active at one time (20)
  • MaxNotificationPerConnection Maximum number of notifications that a client can request for a given connection (5)
  • MaxPageSize Maximum page size supported for LDAP responses (1000 records)
  • MaxQueryDuration Maximum length of time the domain controller can execute a query (120 seconds)
  • MaxTempTableSize Maximum size of temporary storage allocated to execute queries (10,000 records)
  • MaxResultSetSize Maximum size of the LDAP Result Set (262144 bytes)
  • MaxPoolThreads Maximum number of threads created by the domain controller for query execution (4 per processor)
  • MaxDatagramRecv Maximum number of datagrams that can be processed by the domain controller simultaneously (1024)
show values (NT2003)
Shows the current and proposed values for the LDAP administration limits.
Metadata cleanup:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
connections (NT2003)
Invokes the server connections submenu.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
remove selected domain (NT2003)
Removes the metadata associated with the domain selected in the Select operation target submenu.
remove selected naming context (NT2003)
Removes directory service objects for selected Naming Context.
remove selected server (NT2003)
Removes the metadata associated with the domain selected in the Select operation target submenu.
select operation target (NT2003)
Invokes the Select operation target submenu.
Roles:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
connections (NT2003)
Invokes the server connections submenu.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
seize domain naming master (NT2003)
Forces the domain controller to which you are connected to claim ownership of the domain-naming operations master role without regard to the data associated with the role. Use only for recovery purposes.
seize infrastructure master (NT2003)
Forces the domain controller to which you are connected to claim ownership of the infrastructure operations master role without regard to the data associated with the role. Use only for recovery purposes.
seize PDC (NT2003)
Forces the domain controller to which you are connected to claim ownership of the PDC operations master role without regard to the data associated with the role. Use only for recovery purposes.
seize RID master (NT2003)
Forces the domain controller to which you are connected to claim ownership of the relative ID master role without regard to the data associated with the role. Use only for recovery purposes.
seize schema master (NT2003)
Forces the domain controller to which you are connected to claim ownership of the schema operations master role without regard to the data associated with the role. Use only for recovery purposes.
select operation target (NT2003)
Invokes the Select operation target submenu.
transfer domain naming master (NT2003)
Instructs the domain controller to which you are connected to obtain the domain-naming role by means of controlled transfer.
transfer infrastructure master (NT2003)
Instructs the domain controller to which you are connected to obtain the infrastructure operations master role by means of controlled transfer.
transfer PDC (NT2003)
Instructs the domain controller to which you are connected to obtain the PDC operations master by means of controlled transfer.
transfer RID master (NT2003)
Instructs the domain controller to which you are connected to obtain the relative ID master role by means of controlled transfer.
transfer schema master (NT2003)
Instructs the domain controller to which you are connected to obtain the schema operations master role by means of controlled transfer.
Security account management:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
check duplicate SID (NT2003)
Checks the domain for any objects that have duplicate security identifiers.
cleanup duplicate SID (NT2003)
Deletes all objects that have duplicate security identifiers and logs these entries into the log file.
connect to server %s (NT2003)
Connects to server, NetBIOS name or DNS host name.
log file %s (NT2003)
Sets the log file to %s. If a log file is not explicitly set, the log file defaults to Dupsid.log.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
Semantic database analysis:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
get %d (NT2003)
Retrieves record number %d from the Ntds.dit.
go (NT2003)
Starts the semantic analysis of the Ntds.dit. A report is generated and written to a file named Dsdit.dmp.n, in the current directory, where n is an integer incremented each time that you carry out the command.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
verbose %s (NT2003)
Toggles verbose mode on or off.
Set DSRM Password:
? or help (NT2003)
Displays command help.
quit (NT2003)
Takes you back to the previous menu or exits the utility.
Reset Password on server %s (NT2003)
Prompts for a new DSRM password for a domain controller. Use NULL as the domain controller name to reset the DSRM password on the current server. After entering this parameter, the Please type password for DS Restore Mode Administrator Account: prompt appears. Type the desired new DSRM password at the prompt.

Switches

none.


Related

none.


Notes

none.


Examples

none.


Errorlevels

none.


Availability
External
DOS
none
Windows
none
Windows NT
NT2003